This Pipe Friction Apparatus (Model: FM111) has been designed for students to measure pipe friction losses for laminar and turbulent flows. For laminar flow study, an elevated head tank is used for water supply, whilst for turbulent flow, the supply is from the Hydraulics Bench (Model: FM 110) using hoses with rapid action hose coupling. Students may control the flow rate of water by adjusting the flow regulator valve. The test section is connected to manometers via pressure tappings.